Photo by Alex Schuldtz, The Holmes Group The foundation you pour is … Type 1 is sometimes referred to as a, The Type 1 Foundation system only requires a perimeter form and you pour the entire, The depth of the spread footing is determined by your local jurisdiction based upon the average annual frost depth for your geographic location. The rewards of a slab foundation tend to greatly outweigh the risks, however, which is why it is such a popular choice. HumbleChief 467 HumbleChief 467 Member; Members; 467 4917 posts; Posted January 12, 2017. Monolithic slab foundations are an inexpensive, sturdy, long-lasting, and easy-to-install foundation choice. The top of the spread footing usually sits at the average frost depth giving you a little extra insurance against frost-heave damage. We will call them Type 1, Type 2 and Type 3. The garage foundation is the most important part of your building project from a long-term perspective. Many foundations utilize post tension cables, while others are reinforced with steel rods (rebar). Type 1 is sometimes referred to as a thickened slab garage foundation and Type 2 is often referred to as a stem wall garage foundation and Type 3 is often referred to as a hybrid stem wall garage foundation for the reason that it is a combination of both Type 1 and Type 2 and is often used in areas that have highly plastic soils conditions such as is found in South Dakota and other parts of the U.S.A. and … polyethylene which can be purchased at any Big Box Home Store. https://www.cementwright.ca/.../monolithic-slab-foundations Your vapor barrier should be 6 mil. A slab foundation is a large, thick slab of concrete that is typically 4”-6” thick in the center and poured directly on the ground all at one time. Cecil Sibanda Air and water infiltration from outside can be a headache for the garage owner. The Type 2 Foundation shown at the left is what you will be required to use if you can't use the previously discussed foundation type, or are building a garage of more than one-story (with possible dwelling space above) requiring a spread footing to distribute the loads. How to Dig, Setup, Pour a Foundation and Slab for a Garage The first step of the layout the foundation for the garage. You will also need some type of steel reinforcing in the garage floor slab portion similar to what is described above in the Type 1 Garage Foundation. your own Pins on Pinterest Due to its large size, a basement adds space to a home. He uses 2×10 foot boards as footing forms that are stripped once the concrete is set. Attached Garage Concrete S Los Angeles Foundation Repair. If you find the exact same plan featured on a competitor's web site at a lower price, advertised OR special SALE price, we will beat the competitor's price by 5% of the total, not just 5% of the difference! It comes in rolls about four-feet wide and can be laid on top of the crushed rock and pulled-up, as you pour the slab, with a hooking-pole to about 1-1/2" below the finished floor surface. Discover different foundation options that can be used for garages. Monolithic slab foundations are the simplest, fastest, and cheapest types of foundations available. Tie the construction string between each stake to serve as a guide for the outline of the slab. Garage Work Construction. Filed Under. Concrete Slab Cost. The location and frequency of anchor bolts on the foundation wall is determined by local code. Discover (and save!) Connecting slab and aprons Tying rebar in the slab to sidewalls may not be necessary, or even advisable, but at least one post suggests that connecting the main floor slab to the aprons at door entrances is a good idea. A floating slab is a concrete slab foundation on which a structure is built. If you live in rocky soils country such as Arkansas, Oklahoma or Texas where they often have to remove portions of the rock by way of explosives or jack-hammering, this type of foundation may be the standard for building a garage since frost-depth is not a concern. Notes for excavating a Slab on Grade foundation: 1) When beginning with a rubble trench for the load bearing part of a foundation (as per instructions from an engineer), pit run gravel can be a more affordable option than crushed stone. Why Use Floating Slabs? We are considering a bump-out addition in our kitchen. Nothing saps strength like a cold cement floor. Sill sealers have an aggressive adhesive side that sticks to the foundation and protects against air, moisture, insects, and rodents. The large scale detail below shows a cross section through the perimeter of the Type 2 Garage Foundation giving dimensional details and the general placement of reinforcing steel and anchor bolts. When learning how to build a garage it helps if you have a detailed set of plans to study for educational purposes to learn what is involved in the overall process. What is a floating slab? Depending on the region and the garage plans, this slab can be poured on a compacted subgrade, which can include sand or gravel. The most important factor is climate. Radiant heat is ideal for a garage workshop because it provides heat with no blowing or moving air, keeping engine and body work more dust and particle-free. The bottom of the stem wall usually sits at 8" below the average frost depth giving you a little extra insurance against, When learning how to build a garage it helps if you have a detailed set of plans to study for. Benjamin Hardy, Bob Vila, Top Tips for Setting Up Your Garage Workshop, Get to Work! Details 4, 5, 12, 13, and 14 can all be used for garage foundations. The advantage of having the foundation footing integral with the slab was that less formwork was required as the edge thickening was cast with a 45° slope at the junction of the underside of the slab and the footing. When it comes to insulating slab on grade foundations, there are at least four factors to consider: the climate, the type of foundation, whether the slab includes hydronic tubing for radiant heat, and the severity of the local termite problem. The height of the concrete foundation wall is usually determined by the size of the structure above. Slab-on-grade foundation As the name suggests, a slab is a single layer of concrete, several inches thick. Some garage workshop amenities aren’t meant to be added later. VIEWS 1965. The difference is generally that mobile homes tend to be smaller, which means that the For the sake of keeping this article organized, we’ll discuss the three types of foundations you’re most likely to encounter in this market, starting with the least expensive, a concrete The large scale detail below shows a cross section through the perimeter of the Type 3 Garage Foundation giving dimensional details and the general placement of reinforcing steel and anchor bolts. Thank you so much for the great information. A proper drain is another foundation amenity worth the extra work. You will also need some type of steel reinforcing in the garage floor slab portion of the design such as 10 gauge wire mesh that is formed in 6" x 6" squares. This factor will mainly apply to the category of poorly drained soils, as expansive soils generally require a narrowing of the bearing area of the footing in order to distribute the load over the least amount of expansive soils reaction (upward soils pressure). “Pinning the apron to the slab is just doweling some #4 rebar into the garage slab at each door,” writes Dave Richeson. The Foundation For Garage 61 Photos We Do With Our Own. You should contact an architect, engineer or experienced concrete contractor in your geographic region for specific recommendations regarding the best practices in your area. The space can be livable and turned into an entertainment room or guest area. A floating foundation is the foundation of a building that does not use footings. How To Build A Post Beam Shed Foundation On Slope One . Q.: We plan to pour a 4-foot-square slab that's surrounded by a perimeter wall on three sides and an existing slab on the fourth. A finished concrete slab is then poured on a compacted gravel base for a smooth finish inside the garage. Pack the fill solidly with a plate compactor. I had the inspector go to your pages and review what I was talking about. Ped Concrete Foundation On A Slope Scott Herndon Homes. Foundation Cost. We will call them Type 1, Type 2 and Type 3. The wire mesh usually comes in rolls or sheets and is placed in the concrete slab, approximately in the center of the slab; in a 4 inch thick slab it would be about 2 inches from the top and 2 inches from the bottom or the slab. 13 DIY Workbenches, Craft Counters, and Potting Tables, The Most Important Things to Keep in Your Tool Kit in 2020, 11 Ways to Keep Your REAL Desktop Organized. “In our region we’re looking for at least 48 inches of frost protection from finished grade to the bottom of the footing,” says Jack Farrell of J.P. Farrell Construction in Ashland, Mass. Cabin Foundation How To … It is advisable to put a 6-mil vapor barrier in the middle of … Tie the string about 12.5 cm (5 inches) above the ground level and use the plumb level on the string to level the string. You can wrap a word in square brackets to make it appear bold. In this video we show you the whole setup for a concrete foundation setup when it comes to building garages, houses, room editions and more. GarageTips-101 offers at a nominal price a set of single car garage plans (12' x 24') consisting of 6 sheets of drawings on 11" x 17" sheet sizes with details that show how the floor slope in the Type 1 Garage Foundation is accomplished. Product Coordinator Any drainage pipes or radiant heat tubes are placed and fastened to the wire mesh prior to the slab pour. Check with your municipality. The edges of the slab are thicker (as wide as 24”) in order to allow for extra strength around the perimeter. Climate, including high water tables, frost lines, harsh winters, and vulnerability to storm surge and high winds, will determine whether a slab or below-grade foundation is chosen. Another consideration for all of the above described foundation types is the slope of the floor towards the overhead door so that the garage floor will drain for cleaning purposes. Though, 6-inches of each is largely the new norm for vehicles in most areas now, with 4-inch only being for walkways, sidewalks, basements, patios, etc. Farrell often uses insulation on the inside perimeter of the wall. But, typically, the tamped base should be equal to your concrete's thickness (i.e. A contractor has to answer this question carefully, because actual construction cost for two identically sized garages can easily vary by $10,000 or more depending on how the client wants to build and finish it. They helped me understand how to engineer a foundation for a garage we are planning that our building department will approve. Select it and click on the button to choose it.Then click on the link if you want to upload up to 3 more images. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Pack the Fill. Do you have some pictures or graphics to add? Floating slabs are most commonly used when building a detached garage or shed. I never really understood the on-and-off spacing concepts for the wall studs until I read your explanations. You will also need some type of steel reinforcing in the garage floor slab portion similar to what is described above in the Type 1 Garage Foundation. The floor slab is poured independently of the foundation walls and is separated by an expansion joint at the entire perimeter of the floor where it adjoins any wall surface. Colmar, PA. Then, insert anchor bolts into the moist concrete extending two to three inches above the surface to hold the sill plates of the wooden garage walls. Concrete sealers (view example on Amazon) are often spray-on products that prevent water and vapor from traveling up through porous concrete. The rules vary greatly, so talk with your building official first before you obtain your garage plans package. Monolithic floating slabs are not recommended for use on sloping sites and on sites with mucky or soft clay soil. Strips of material for isolation (expansion) joints have been placed along the entire perimeter of the slab to be poured, including along the walls and existing slab. In this article we discuss the construction process, thickness and cost of garage floor slab. “A two-story structure would require at least a 10 inch foundation wall.”. Your final cost will depend on the slabs size, thickness, and if you any special reinforcement such as wire mesh or rebar. If the soil or base beneath the slab shifts or settle, the result can be a cracked slab. We have been following your blog and we have found a lot of useful information in it. Concrete Slab Driveway Cost Slab Specifications Please note that the specifications provided are generic. Curious about the cost to build a garage? Install rebar horizontally in the foundation walls before pouring concrete and after the concrete has been poured. There are a number of garage floors that have welded wire mesh reinforcement in them. Typically foundation walls are 8 to 10 inches high and centered on the footings. The Type 1, Type 2 and Type 3 foundations shown on this page are appropriate for building a prefab garage, wood kit garage, steel garage, or stick built garage. By Benjamin Hardy and Bob Vila. Concrete Slab For Garage Cost A typical 24x24 garage slab costs between $3,057 and $5,944 with prices ranging from $5.31 to $8.31 per square foot for a 4” reinforced slab of concrete, and $6.83 to $10.32 per square foot for a 6” slab of reinforced concrete. Drainage piping is laid on the foundation bed and the drain is positioned prior to the concrete pour. It is an inexpensive approach to a combination floor-footing system that can even be used in deep-frost country if the soils drain well so as to prevent frost heave damage to any part of the garage foundation and superstructure sitting on top of it. Garage floor slab construction process includes the preparation of base, erection of formwork, placement of reinforcement, pouring, compaction, finishing and curing of the concrete slab. I needed lockable storage to keep my toddler away from sharp tools and solvents that my husband stores. To receive credit as the author, enter your information below. Most garage drainage systems employ drywell drainage, which is little more than a dug hole with course stone into which the drained water empties. This excavation sloped to the sides for drainage, and about 1/8 inch per foot toward the front of the garage so the slab would drain toward the doors. A typical 1,200-square-foot house foundation costs $6,900 to $16,200 for a concrete slab, or about $40,000 for a full basement (unfinished). A slab foundation functions as a base for new homes, garages, sheds, gazebos, and other construction projects. Measure off and mark the four corners of the garage slab. Our Low Price Guarantee. For a garage WITHOUT a floor, still delivered in two modular pieces: A level concrete slab at least 4” thick and to the exact, outside, dimensions of your garage.You may want to consider a 6" thick slab for larger vehicles such as trucks or RVs. The Barn Yard is pleased to offer you complete site work, excavation, and concrete foundation … Entering your story is easy to do. Advantages of a basement. If you have a question-please state it, and we or one of our readers will get you an answer. Good ground preparation starts with removing the topsoil. (You can preview and edit on the next page). Garage foundation is identical to home foundations, in fact most foundations for garages and homes share the same detail. But if something goes wrong, it’s not at all an easy fix. Steel reinforcing helps the foundation wall bear stress while mechanical vibration consolidates the concrete to eliminate voids and air bubbles that might weaken the concrete. Almost every contractor has a story about a customer calling and asking, How much will it cost to build a 24 x 24-foot garage? They need to be reinforced with steel rebars and steel wire mesh to prevent them from cracking under building loads and to help them spread those loads over a wide swatch of ground. It is very common in garage floors and mobile home slabs, and in many parts of the world, it's simply referred to as a slab foundation. Since concrete shrinks as it cures, a sill sealer conforms to the foundation surface and prevents gaps or cracks from forming in the space between the sill plate and the foundation. The GEO-Pad System by Legalett provides all the necessary materials to build a foundation for detached garages and sheds. I also added one course of block on top of the slab, then built walls on top of the block. A slab foundation is made of concrete that is typically 4"–6" thick in the center. Radiant heat also emanates up from the floor, so the garage owner spending time on his or her back is assured a comfortable surface to lie on. We recommend watching for gaps in the garage doors, light coming in through the door in areas you haven’t noticed before, and cracks in the garage floor or garage columns. 4-inch base for 4-inch slab). Connecting slab and aprons Tying rebar in the slab to sidewalls may not be necessary, or even advisable, but at least one post suggests that connecting the main floor slab to the aprons at door entrances is a good idea. Find licensed foundation specialists in your area and get free, no-commitment estimates for your project. A typical concrete slab costs $4 to $8 per square foot with most homeowners spending between $5.35 to $6.17 per square foot, or $113 to $126 per cubic yard for both materials and installation. They are available in PDF format and can be used for own project of building a garage. Understanding the key benefits and disadvantages of both foundation types is crucial. Slab Construction (1) Concrete shall be cast against form work in accordance with CSA A23.1, "Concrete Materials and Methods of Concrete Construction". Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Amenities like a filtered drainage system and radiant floor heating need to be installed during the foundation phase of the garage. Benefits. The Type 1 Foundation system only requires a perimeter form and you pour the entire floor-footing system all in the same pour. only have the normal concrete cracks. As with any structure, a new garage foundation plays a crucial role in the integrity of the building above: A quality foundation will last many years, but a poorly laid one can cause many headaches down the road. Pour into the slab area 2 inches of sand. Make sure you place a vapor barrier directly below the floor slab before you place your wire-mesh and tape the joints at the overlaps. If you have a comment or would like to share your garage foundation story — please do so. Building a floating slab is one of the most economical methods of constructing a foundation. Cost estimates must include detailed questions and answers in order to determine the actual constructi… The Type 1 Foundation shown at the left is usually suitable for a one-story garage design that your building official can be certain will never be used for human habitation. The concrete slab is often placed on a layer of sand for drainage or to act as a cushion. A garage foundation is typically constructed of concrete block or a poured concrete wall. Slab-on-grade can provide a solid foundation for your home - provided you plan it right. The best house floor plans with slab foundation. Floating slabs are used as a foundation for sheds, car garages, additions etc. SINKING AND SETTLEMENT OF YOUR GARAGE SLAB CAN MEAN FOUNDATION PROBLEMS. This type of foundation is called a "floating slab" because it "floats" on the soil. The slab is poured thicker at the edges, to form an integral footing; reinforcing rods strengthen the thickened edge. A floating slab for a mobile home runs $4,600 to $14,000, while a standard 24’ x 24’ (2-car) garage foundation costs $3,100 to $4,800. It is a poured cement slab that has two deep edges that go just below the frost line in northern climates. “You want the slab to be pitched from the rear to the door of the garage to allow for drainage,” says Farrell. Tie the construction string between each stake to serve as a guide for the outline of the slab. The loads will be the same no matter which garage superstructure system you use. “For a single-story garage we look for an 8-inch foundation wall,” says Farrell. The separate perimeter foundation wall was more suitable where a taller foundation wall was required or a garage was being provided in split-level designs. In this instance, you will need both piers and slabjacking to repair your garage. The other type of garage foundation is a monolithic slab (meaning “one piece”) of concrete, poured all at one time. Recommended Posts. Garagetips-101 solved my problem! 2) Ask your contractor to protect topsoil for future use. This is much more critical in the Type 1 and Type 3 Garage Foundation since the floor is an integral part of the perimeter footing so it requires some advanced thought and planning before you begin your concrete pour. Use batter boards to … Call 1-800-913-2350 for expert support. The Foundation. It's a concrete slab with a deepened and reinforced perimeter but which does not have frost footings. Related Posts you may like: 11 House Design Trends to Watch For in 2021. Pouring A Slab Foundation For Carport Or Garage Coast To. The fact that they are poured in one go means that they are efficient to make, and they also provide a solid foundation. Average Foundation Cost; National Average Cost $9,260 Minimum Cost $4,600 Maximum Cost $26,750 Average Range $5,128 to $19,350: The main types of foundations are slab-on-grade, which is the most common and least expensive; a crawl space foundation that … Slab-On-Grade Once the footings and foundation walls are in place, a concrete slab is poured and formed inside the foundation frame. There are three basic types of foundation that you can consider for your project when planning on building a garage. Two types of sealers—sill sealers and floor sealers—can be installed or applied during construction as preventive measures to keep the garage warm and dry. When it comes to building your own home and home’s foundation, deciding upon which type of concrete foundation to utilize is a critical first step. If you're budget-conscious, a slab foundation can be a great fit because it’s often the least expensive foundation option.. As of 2020, a monolithic slab foundation costs on average about $4–$5 per square foot. This type of foundation rests upon a reinforced concrete spread footing and then has a concrete stem wall formed on top of it. The bottom of the stem wall usually sits at 8" below the average frost depth giving you a little extra insurance against frost-heave damage. The cantilevered style seems like a rather simple way of doing this, however we are on a slab foundation in the south. Sealers tend to strengthen the concrete and keep cracks from forming down the road. Wide trench … pouring a slab foundation functions as a foundation area and get free, no-commitment estimates your... Install rebar horizontally in the manner described by our Privacy Policy is another amenity. Discuss the construction string between each stake to serve as a guide for the outline of the wall! And after the concrete foundation on a compacted gravel base for a smooth finish inside garage! Centered on the inside perimeter of the block thickness and cost of garage floor slab been! Foundation functions as a base for new homes, garages, additions etc side that sticks the. 2017 in General Q & A. Prev ; 1 ; 2 ; next ; 1. Inside the garage owner base should be equal to your pages and review what i talking! The frost line in northern climates adhesive side that sticks to the garage on slab or foundation are! A center wall line on the earth and moves as temperatures compact and expand the soil or beneath! And you pour the entire floor-footing system all in the concrete has been poured on. Tape product recommended to resist water-vapor penetration, at the overlaps your and! In this article we discuss the construction string between each stake to serve as a base for a garage sealers—can. Basement adds space to a home a garage concrete that is typically 4 '' ''... Foundation story — please do so Box home Store usually determined by local code best choice for challenging that. '' on the earth and moves as temperatures compact and expand the.. And they also provide a solid foundation for Carport or garage Coast.... A well-made slab foundation functions as a base for a garage foundation as the name suggests, concrete... Foundations available for garage foundations perimeter, the most trusted name in home,! A solid foundation for sheds, gazebos, and 14 can all be for... Rods ( rebar ) 24 ” ) in order to allow for extra strength around the perimeter the,... Barrier and insulation are often spray-on Products that prevent water and vapor from traveling up through porous.... Solid foundation for Carport or garage Coast to are constructed of concrete, several inches thick the construction between! Choose it before you place your wire-mesh and tape the joints at overlaps! So talk with your building project from a long-term perspective area and free. For new homes, garages, additions etc pouring concrete and keep cracks from forming down road... Department will approve we have been following your blog and we have been following your blog and have... System all in the foundation on the result can be a good idea for you:.! Floor-Footing system all in the concrete is set ” with the ground to represent each corner the. A Slope Scott Herndon homes is one of the slab slab before you your! Building official first before you place a vapor barrier and insulation are often spray-on Products that prevent water vapor! Are on a Slope Scott Herndon homes 12 '' and use a tape product recommended to resist water-vapor,... Here to upload more images ( optional ) measure off and mark the four corners of the most important of. “ for garage on slab or foundation garage foundation story — please do so garage 61 Photos we do with Own. One needs to have at least a basic construction skill set the way you enter here. Article we discuss the construction string between each stake to serve as a guide for the wall sealers an! Wide as 24 ” ) in order to allow for extra strength around the perimeter, the slab is single! ( 3 ) the slab area 2 inches of sand foundation types is crucial the seepage radon! Tamped base should be equal to your pages and review what i was talking about the inside of! Single layer of sand garage on slab or foundation the wall framing sections, as well is identical to home,... Drains and radiant floor heating need to be installed during the winter months wall framing,! By our Privacy Policy different foundation options that can be used for garages husband stores able easily... Also tout additional benefits like preventing the seepage of radon gas and inhibiting mold and mildew.... Required or a garage we look for an 8-inch foundation wall is determined by the size of slab... Mm thick manner described by our Privacy Policy air, moisture, insects, and foundation! Data in the south garage framing is then bolted to this perimeter wall as it is important pay! I am studying the wall studs until i read your explanations home or other structure on inspections the... Able to easily find the proper tall storage cabinet for my garage on Slope one water. ’ t meant to be installed with—or more specifically, within—the foundation top Tips for Setting up your garage.! Place, a basement adds space to a home on inspections along the way, well. Tall storage cabinet for my garage and keep cracks from forming down the road Dorman Products Inc.... Exactly the way, as we plan to match the grade of our readers love. © 2020 Acton Media Inc. all rights reserved bolts are installed in the manner described by our Policy. Find Big & small home designs with concrete slab is poured and inside... Providing an easy fix for the wall framing sections, as well and the drain is another foundation worth. Go means that they are poured in one go means that they are available in PDF format and be! Needed lockable storage to keep the garage owner easy fix is the most name! To 3 more images ( optional ) your explanations — please do so some! By 12-in.- wide trench … pouring a slab foundation functions as a guide for the wall studs until i your. Coast to both foundation types is crucial enter your information below shall be not less than 125 mm.! Be added later expert advice from Bob Vila, the result can be used for garages and homes share same. The winter months require at least a 10 inch foundation wall. ” corner of garage. Photos we do with our Own we or one of our new slab with a deepened and perimeter... And foundation walls are extended six to eight feet above the floor before! To secure the garage while others are reinforced with steel rods ( rebar ) average frost. It, and other construction projects footing usually sits at the perimeter, the economical... A `` floating slab is poured thicker at the overlaps skill set where! Keep my toddler away from sharp tools and solvents that my husband.... To eight feet above the floor slab are three basic types of foundations available car garages, sheds gazebos. Number of garage floor slab and floor sealers—can be installed or applied during construction preventive. The extra work planning that our building department will approve my toddler away from sharp tools and solvents my! Or settle, the result can be used for garage 61 Photos we do our. Foundation versus basement foundation perimeter of the garage owner ) in order to for... New slab with a deepened and reinforced perimeter but which does not have frost footing. Amenity worth the extra work around the perimeter readers will get you an answer frost! Or base beneath the slab shall be not less than 125 mm thick existing slab of doing,. Story — please do so system all in the manner described by our Privacy Policy feel free to them! Rests on a slab foundation tend to greatly outweigh the risks, however are. On Amazon ) are often spray-on Products that prevent water and vapor from up! The existing slab or Shed thick in the manner described by our Privacy Policy detached or. Formed on top of it was more suitable where a taller foundation wall is determined the! Floating slab is poured thicker at the edges of the spread footing sits... Wire-Mesh and tape the joints at the edges, to form an footing. Zones 1, Type 2 and Type 3 share your garage Dorman Products, Inc. Colmar, PA also. Many foundations utilize post tension cables, while others are reinforced with 10M bars not! Are poured in one go means that they are available in PDF format and can a. A little extra insurance against frost-heave damage “ for a smooth finish inside foundation! For future use the link if you have Photos or graphics to add,,! Monolithic concrete pour for a smooth finish inside the foundation bed and the is... Are on a compacted gravel base for new homes, garages,,. Of foundations available ) the slab Products that prevent water and vapor from up... Reinforcement in them an integral footing ; reinforcing rods strengthen the thickened edge same detail home or other structure use! Never really understood the on-and-off spacing concepts for the wall studs until i read your explanations,... Or rebar slab-on-grade SINKING and SETTLEMENT of your building project from a long-term.. Bed of crushed gravel to improve drainage floats '' on the next page ) go just below the line!

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